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The all() function is a built-in Python function that allows you to check if all elements in an iterable (such as a list, tuple, or set) evaluate to True. It returns True if all elements are True, and False otherwise. This function can be extremely useful when you need to verify the truthiness of all elements in a collection before proceeding with further actions in your code. In this tutorial, we’ll explore the syntax of the all() function, its practical applications, and provide detailed examples to illustrate its usage.

Table of Contents

Introduction to the all() Function

The all() function is a fundamental tool for assessing the truthiness of elements within an iterable. It operates by iterating through each element in the iterable and evaluating their Boolean value. If all elements are found to be True, the function returns True. However, if any element evaluates to False, the function returns False.

The all() function can be particularly helpful in scenarios where you need to verify the validity of multiple conditions before proceeding. It’s often used in combination with other functions like list comprehensions, map(), and filters to simplify complex logic.

Syntax of the all() Function

The syntax of the all() function is straightforward:

  • iterable: This parameter represents the iterable (e.g., list, tuple, set) whose elements you want to check for truthiness.

The function returns True if all elements in the iterable are True, and False if at least one element is False.

Examples of Using all()

Example 1: Checking All Elements in a List

Suppose you have a list of temperatures in Celsius, and you want to check if all temperatures are above freezing (0 degrees Celsius). You can use the all() function to quickly validate this condition:

temperatures = [12, 18, 5, 9, 21]
all_above_freezing = all(temp > 0 for temp in temperatures)

if all_above_freezing:
    print("All temperatures are above freezing.")
    print("Not all temperatures are above freezing.")

In this example, the all() function evaluates each temperature in the list and checks if it’s greater than 0. Since all temperatures in the list satisfy this condition, the all_above_freezing variable will be True, and the corresponding message will be printed.

Example 2: Validating a List of Usernames

Imagine you have a list of usernames, and you want to ensure that all usernames are valid. For this case, let’s assume that a valid username should have at least 6 characters and contain only alphanumeric characters. You can use the all() function to perform this validation:

usernames = ["john_doe", "alice123", "bob", "charlie456"]
valid_usernames = all(len(username) >= 6 and username.isalnum() for username in usernames)

if valid_usernames:
    print("All usernames are valid.")
    print("Not all usernames are valid.")

In this example, the all() function checks if all usernames in the list satisfy the conditions of having a minimum length of 6 characters and containing only alphanumeric characters. Since only the usernames “john_doe” and “alice123” meet these criteria, the valid_usernames variable will be False.

Combining all() with Other Functions

Using all() with List Comprehensions

List comprehensions provide a concise way to create lists based on existing iterables. When combined with the all() function, list comprehensions allow you to efficiently evaluate multiple conditions on elements in a single line of code. Consider the following example:

numbers = [12, 18, 5, 9, 21]
all_positive_even = all(num > 0 for num in numbers if num % 2 == 0)

if all_positive_even:
    print("All positive numbers are even.")
    print("Not all positive numbers are even.")

In this example, the all() function, along with a list comprehension, checks if all positive numbers in the list are even. The condition num > 0 filters out non-positive numbers, and the condition num % 2 == 0 checks for evenness. Since all positive numbers in the list are even, the output will indicate that all positive numbers are even.

Using all() with map()

The map() function applies a given function to all items in an input list and returns an iterator containing the results. When combined with the all() function, you can easily assess a specific property across all elements in a list. Consider this example:

def is_divisible_by_three(number):
    return number % 3 == 0

numbers = [9, 18, 21, 15, 27]
all_divisible_by_three = all(map(is_divisible_by_three, numbers))

if all_divisible_by_three:
    print("All numbers are divisible by three.")
    print("Not all numbers are divisible by three.")

In this case, the map() function applies the is_divisible_by_three() function to each element in the numbers list. The all() function then checks if all results are True, indicating that all numbers in the list are divisible by three.


The all() function is a powerful tool in Python that enables you to easily check if all elements in an iterable evaluate to True. It simplifies complex conditional checks and enhances the readability of your code. By understanding the syntax and examples provided in this tutorial, you can confidently incorporate the all() function into your projects and write more efficient and concise code.

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